Spray painting is an efficient and effective way to cover large areas with even coats of primer, paint, sealers, and other coatings. When you are using spray paint, it is important to recognize and guard against potential hazards.
Why is it Dangerous?
Many paints, coatings, catalysts, sealers, hardeners, and solvents contain hazardous chemicals to which you could be exposed during mixing, spraying, grinding, and sanding tasks. Overexposure can cause nausea, rash, asthma, dermatitis, or even lung cancer. In addition, some coatings contain flammable substances, which are released into the air when you use high-pressure equipment. As they build up, these vapors can create an explosion hazard. To protect yourself from these and other health hazards, study the following guidelines for safe spray painting practices.
How Can I Protect Myself?
Before beginning a new task, consult the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for each product you will use. You will find information specific to that chemical, including its hazards, appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), proper handling, transport, storage, and disposal.
- Use a spray booth to avoid breathing in spray paint vapors and debris. Regularly maintained and cleaned spray booths also provide maximum protection against explosion hazards.
- Wear hearing protection when working with air-powered tools. Extended exposure to loud noises can result in irreversible damage to your hearing.
- To protect your eyes, wear safety glasses and a dust mask or respirator to protect against dust particles that form when using grinding and sanding equipment.
- Wear a combination type HEPA air filter and organic vapor respirator with breathing airlines to protect yourself from hazardous fumes.
- Wear lightweight, disposable coveralls, or launder reusable coveralls separately from street clothes.
- Never eat, drink, smoke, or apply cosmetics while working with spray paint. Store food and other belongings in a separate area.
- Store paints and their solvents carefully in ventilated, nonsmoking areas to prevent the possibility of ignition and explosion.
- Since you may have to hold full paint pots while spraying, you must keep ergonomics in mind while on the job.
- Use balanced spray guns that fit in your hand or use a hoist and dolly to move materials instead of holding them. Take frequent, short breaks throughout the workday to stretch to avoid unnecessary strains and sprains.
Keep Safety in Mind
Keeping safety in mind when working in and around spray painting operations will help you avoid dangerous hazards and keep you injury-free on the job. If you have any doubt about your safety, regarding spray painting or any other issue, talk to your supervisor. Your safety is our top priority.