This is from OSHA Maine.
Managing Safety and Health

“The discipline that goes into a safety program will spill over into production and quality control. People will be more aware of safety and how they do their jobs. We believe it will work to our benefit with production and quality.”
Ben Church, Kaiser Industries
Safety Management Systems
A safety and health system for your business

As an employer, it is your responsibility to maintain a safe and healthy workplace. A safety and health management system, or safety program, can help you focus your efforts to improve your work environment. Whatever you call it, your plan describes what the people in your organization do to prevent injuries and illnesses at your workplace.

Your organization will have its own unique system, reflecting your way of doing business, the hazards of your work, and how you manage the safety and health of your employees:

If you manage a small business in a low-risk industry, your system may simply involve listening to your employees’ concerns and responding to them.
A large business in a hazardous industry may have notebooks full of written policies and procedures and a full-time safety director.

What’s most important is that your system works for your organization. It’s up to you to decide how best to operate a safe and healthy workplace, and to put your plan into practice.
What makes a successful system?

A successful system will be part of your overall business operation, as important as the other things you do to succeed in business.

Successful safety and health systems have the following in place:

Managers committed to making the program work.
Employees involved in the program.
A system to identify and control hazards.
Compliance with OSHA regulations.
Training on safe work practices.
Mutual respect, caring and open communication in a climate conducive to safety.
Continuous improvement.